RedHat 7.1 下安装 Zabbix监控程序详解(适合linux初级

7.启动zabbix-server,并设置开机自启

图片 1

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# mkdir  repobak   #新建一个备份文件夹

=======================================截止YUM环境已经准备完毕=======================

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl restart httpd.service                       #重启apache

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl start httpd.service                          #启动apache

#ln -s /var/run /run

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl restart mariadb.service                                       #重启MariaDB

账户:admin   密码:zabbix

[root@localhost ~]#zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.1/create.sql.gz | mysql -uroot zabbix 

2.安装zabbix程序

=================================zabbix.repo文件===================================

9.启动zabbix-agent,并设置开机自启

5.配置zabbix配置文件,修改数据库密码为zabbix

6.[root@localhost ~]# yum  list  可以查看YUM获取到的文件列表

======================================END====================================

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[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 7.1 (Maipo)
[root@localhost ~]# uname -a
Linux localhost.localdomain 3.10.0-229.el7.x86_64 #1 SMP Thu Jan 29 18:37:38 EST 2015 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

RHEL 7.0中,已经使用MariaDB替代了MySQL数据库

MariaDB [zabbix]>use zabbix;

#systemctl start zabbix-agent

[root@localhost ~]#mysql -u root 

[zabbix-non-supported]
name=Zabbix Official Repository non-supported - $basearch
baseurl=http://repo.zabbix.com/non-supported/rhel/7/$basearch/
enabled=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-ZABBIX                   # 这个根据系统版本自动生成,可省略。
gpgcheck=1
[waiwang]
name=waiwang
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
[extras]
name=extras
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/extras/x86_64/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl restart httpd.service                                            #重启apache

1.zabbix需要安装LAMP架构

7.关闭firewall:(vi/etc/selinux/)

注意:

#systemctl enable httpd

[root@localhost ~]#yum install httpd                                           #根据提示,输入Y安装即可成功安装

 

4..导入zabbix初始模式和数据

6.配置Http配置文件,修改时区为亚洲上海

[root@localhost ~]#rpm -ivh http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/3.2/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-3.2-1.el7.noarch.rpm

②如果报pid错误

 

需要做软连接/var/run > /run

[root@localhost ~]#yum install php                                          #根据提示输入Y直到安装完成 

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa |grep yum*
yum-metadata-parser-1.1.4-10.el7.x86_64
yum-3.4.3-125.el7.noarch
yum-rhn-plugin-2.0.1-5.el7.noarch
keyutils-libs-1.5.8-3.el7.x86_64
python-pyudev-0.15-6.el7.noarch

[zabbix]
name=Zabbix Official Repository - $basearch                                 #可引用变量$basearh为系统平台类型(x86_64&i386)
baseurl=http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/3.2/rhel/7/$basearch/          #网络源地址 (镜像站)
enabled=1                                                                               #启用为1 禁用为0
gpgcheck=1                                                                             #校验为1 禁止校验为0
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-ZABBIX-A14FE591      # 这个根据系统版本自动生成,可省略。

3.初始化zabbix系统

一.开始安装LAMP架构

5.创建YUM缓存文件

2.安装zabbix服务

6.登录http://localhost  测试httpd服务是否正常。

4.安装PHP组件,使PHP支持 MariaDB

1.安装Apache

 

                                                                                                                  #这里选择以上安装包进行安装,根据提示输入Y回车

3.配置yum本地源和网络源;

1安装存储库配置文件

1.安装环境:VMware虚拟

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]#vi zabbix.repo     #新建一个zabbix.repo YUM源文件,添加如下:

8.启动http,并设置开机自启

[root@localhost ~]#mysql -u root  验证数据是否导入成功

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl start mariadb.service                      #启动MariaDB

11. zabbix图形界面的配置。图形界面配置网上有很多,可以自行查询,此处省略。。。。。。。。。。

 

DBPassword=zabbix

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]#mv *  repobak    #讲yum.repos.d 文件夹内文件备份到repobak内

 

2.查看yum是否安装;(以下标示已安装)

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl enable mariadb.service                  #设置开机启动

#systemctl start zabbix-server

[root@localhost ~]# yum clean all                                           #清除yum缓存

 

[root@localhost ~]#yum install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-web-mysql zabbix-get zabbix-agent 安装zabbix,提示点"y"即可完成安装。

 

 

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl restart httpd.service                                           #重启apache

2.1安装MariaDB

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl disable firewalld.service                   #禁止firewall开机启动

Database changed
MariaDB [zabbix]> show tables;
+----------------------------+
| Tables_in_zabbix |
+----------------------------+
| acknowledges |
| actions |
| alerts |
| application_discovery |
| application_prototype |
| application_template |
| applications |
| auditlog |

二.zabbix服务的安装和配置

[root@localhost ~]#yum install php-mysql php-gd libjpeg*  php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mhash  

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl restart mariadb.service                  #重启MariaDB

①如果zabbixserver无法启动,则需要安装trousers支持包。

地址:http://192.168.1.*/zabbix/(zabbix服务器IP)

[root@localhost ~]#vi /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf

[root@localhost ~]# mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
 mount: /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only 

1.为了方便获取安装应用,首先配置YUM服务,RedHat 默认YUM已安装,下面我们直接配置YUM本地源和网络源即可。

[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/selinux/config                                     #将selinux=enforcing  改为 selinux=disabled 即可。

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl enable httpd.service                       #设置apache开机启动

=================================好吧,下面开始安装LAMP架构============================

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl restart mariadb.service                                        #重启MariaDB

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl stop firewalld.service                       #停止firewall

=========================LAMP架构已经搭建完毕==========================================

2.安装MariaDB

3.安装PHP

php_value date.timezone Asia/Shanghai

 

 

安装步骤:

#systemctl start httpd

3.初始化mariadb数据库

#yum install trousers

#systemctl enable zabbix-server

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl stop httpd.service                           #停止apache

[root@localhost ~]#rpm -ql zabbix-server-mysql  验证安装文件

5.重新启动服务

 

 

4.清除YUM缓存文件

RedHat 7.1 安装 Zabbix 监控程序详解(适合对linux初级用户)2017-05-02

Loaded plugins: product-id, subscription-manager
This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.
extras | 3.4 kB 00:00 
waiwang | 3.6 kB 00:00 
zabbix | 951 B 00:00 
zabbix-non-supported | 951 B 00:00 
(1/8): extras/prestodelta | 99 kB 00:00 
(2/8): extras/primary_db | 151 kB 00:00 
(3/8): waiwang/group_gz | 155 kB 00:00 
(4/8): extras/other_db | 640 kB 00:01 
(5/8): extras/filelists_db | 770 kB 00:02 
(6/8): waiwang/filelists_db | 6.6 MB 00:02 
(7/8): waiwang/other_db | 2.4 MB 00:00 
(8/8): waiwang/primary_db | 5.6 MB 00:03 
(1/6): zabbix/x86_64/primary | 13 kB 00:00 
(2/6): zabbix/x86_64/filelists | 43 kB 00:00 
(3/6): zabbix/x86_64/other | 7.7 kB 00:00 
(4/6): zabbix-non-supported/x86_64/filelists | 660 B 00:00 
(5/6): zabbix-non-supported/x86_64/primary | 1.6 kB 00:00 
(6/6): zabbix-non-supported/x86_64/other | 1.5 kB 00:00 
zabbix 92/92
zabbix 92/92
zabbix 92/92
zabbix-non-supported 4/4
zabbix-non-supported 4/4
zabbix-non-supported 4/4
Metadata Cache Created 

# vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/zabbix.conf

10使用IE登陆zabbix图形界面进行设置。

 

 

/etc/logrotate.d/zabbix-server
/etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
/usr/lib/systemd/system/zabbix-server.service
/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/zabbix-server.conf
/usr/lib/zabbix/alertscripts
/usr/lib/zabbix/externalscripts
/usr/sbin/zabbix_server_mysql
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.5
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.5/AUTHORS
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.5/COPYING
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.5/ChangeLog
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.5/NEWS
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.5/README
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.5/create.sql.gz
/usr/share/man/man8/zabbix_server.8.gz
/var/log/zabbix
/var/run/zabbix

Loaded plugins: product-id, subscription-manager
This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.
Cleaning repos: extras waiwang zabbix zabbix-non-supported
Cleaning up everything 

[root@localhost ~]# yum makecache                                    #生成yum缓存

#systemctl enable zabbix-agent

[root@localhost ~]# sestatus                                                       #查看selinux状态

[root@localhost ~]#yum install mariadb mariadb-server                #询问是否要安装,输入Y即可自动安装,直到安装完成

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl stop mariadb.service                      #停止MariaDB

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